The Crossref Curriculum

Introduction to grants

Launched in 2019, our registration service for grants allows funders and the wider research community to connect support with outputs and activities.

Whilst the scholarly community has adopted standard persistent identifiers (PIDs)—for people (e.g. ORCID), content (e.g. DOIs, PMIDs), and now organizations (ROR) including funders (Open Funder Registry)—the record of the award was not captured in a consistent way across funders worldwide. These awards were not easily linked up with the literature or with researchers or with institutions.

With tens of thousands of funding organizations in the Open Funder Registry, we needed to find a way for all of them—small and large, private and government—to register their grants, whilst making it easy for researchers to include this information in their submissions to publishers and data repositories.

Use the grant identifier metadata schema section to register persistent identifiers (DOIs) for grants and other funding. Grant may include other types of funding, such as the use of equipment and facilities.

The metadata for each grant includes title, description, and investigator information (including affiliations), as well as funding information. Multiple grants may be included in a single XML file.

Funding types

Types of funding are limited to the following values:

  • award: a prize, award, or other type of general funding
  • contract: agreement involving payment
  • crowdfunding: funding raised via multiple sources, typically small amounts raised online
  • endowment: gift of money that will provide an income
  • equipment: use of or gift of equipment
  • facilities: use of location, equipment, or other resources
  • fellowship: grant given for research or study
  • grant: a monetary award
  • loan: money or other resource given in anticipation of repayment
  • other: award of undefined type
  • prize: an award given for achievement
  • salary-award: an award given as salary, includes intramural research funding
  • secondment: detachment of a person or resource for temporary assignment elsewhere
  • seed-funding: an investor invests capital in exchange for equity
  • training-grant: grant given for training

You can register grants by direct deposit of XML - learn more about markup examples for grants.

Page owner: Laura J. Wilkinson   |   Last updated 2020-April-08