The Crossref Curriculum

Contributors

A contributor is a person or organization that is considered the author of a work. A contributor may be an author (default), editor, chair, or translator. Emphasize to your authors why you need to collect this information, explain how having accurate metadata will increase chances of accurate citation matching, credit the appropriate people fairly, and improve discoverability of their work. Learn more about collecting authenticated ORCID iDs in ORCID Collect & Connect for publishing organizations.

Including at least one author increases the chance a citation will be matched with a Crossref metadata record or DOI, and allows authors to receive credit for their work. Because our metadata is used for display and author attribution, order is important: flag first authors with the first attribute. Including ORCID iDs allows accurate identification of contributors, and means we can associate metadata records with contributions in ORCID.

  • Include at least one contributor, and you should include all contributors
  • List contributors in the appropriate order
  • Include complete given name(s), not just initials
  • If a contributor has just one name, put it under the <surname> field
  • Include ORCID iDs for all contributors when possible
  • Include affiliations for all contributors
  • For corporate authors, use the organization element
  • Don’t include suffixes such as Jr, Sr, IV in the family name field - use the suffix element

ORCID iDs

An author’s ORCID iD should be included whenever possible. Providing an ORCID iD in a metadata record allows the author’s ORCID record to be automatically updated via our auto-update process. OJS users who have upgraded to version 3.1.2 or later can request authenticated iDs from both contributing authors and co-authors - learn more about the OJS-ORCID plugin.

Include ORCID iDs in the <ORCID> element.

Note that the data supplied in the <given_name> and <surname> fields is used for display and query matching and must be as accurate as possible.

<person_name sequence="first" contributor_role="author">
  <given_name>Minerva</given_name>
  <surname>Nipperson</surname>
  <ORCID authenticated="true">https\://orcid.org/0000-0002-4011-3590</ORCID>
</person_name>

Contributor order

The <person_name> and <organization> elements both include required contributor role and sequence attributes. An author may be first or additional. Specific sequence numbering is not allowed, but many systems using Crossref metadata assume that the order of authors as present in the metadata is the appropriate order for metadata display.

Contributor example

<contributors>
  <person_name sequence="first" contributor_role="author">
    <given_name>Minerva</given_name>
    <surname>Nipperson</surname>
    <suffix>III</suffix>
    <affiliation>University of Cathair</affiliation>
    <ORCID authenticated="true">http\://orcid.org/0000-0002-4011-3590</ORCID>
  </person_name>
  <person_name sequence="additional" contributor_role="author">
    <given_name>Christopher </given_name>
    <surname>Fielding</surname>
    <affiliation>University of Cathair</affiliation>
  </person_name>
  <person_name sequence="additional" contributor_role="author">
    <given_name>Katharine </given_name>
    <surname>Mech</surname>
  </person_name>
</contributors>

Page owner: Laura J. Wilkinson   |   Last updated 2020-April-08